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Publications
Journal Article
Victims & Offenders: An International Journal of Evidence-based Research, Policy, and Practice 14 (7): 895–919
Monica Perez Trujillo, Ana Lucía Jaramillo-Sierra, Eric Quintane (2019)
Keyword(s)
Sexual assault, risk factors, schools, routine activities theory
A large body of literature has sought to understand the factors that increase the risk of sexual victimization among university students, mainly by focusing on the characteristics of victims or perpetrators. A recent promising avenue of research has been to examine the role of the social environment of the victim when explaining sexual victimization. We contribute to this emerging stream of research by identifying a protective factor: connectedness. Connectedness refers to an individual´s perception of belonging to social groups and institutions, and being valued, cared for and respected by its members. Connectedness protects potential victims by decreasing exposure to motivated aggressors and by increasing peer guardianship in risky situations, which reduces the likelihood of victimization. We provide evidence of the role of connectedness in a sample of 3,355 Colombian students. Results from multivariate logistic regressions provide evidence of the importance of connectedness in protecting against sexual harassment and assault: feeling connected to family and friends decreased the odds of rape up to 46%, while belonging to social groups where alcohol and drugs are not perceived as a big problem decreased the odds of harassment by 20%. We discuss these results and their implications for campus policies targeted toward the prevention of sexual victimization.
Volume
14
Journal Pages
895–919
ISSN (Online)
1556-4991
ISSN (Print)
1556-4886
Journal Article
Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice
Keyword(s)
Naturalistic observation methods, nighttime entertainment districts (NEDs), crime-control policies, alcohol-related violence, structured observation and participant observation (PO)
Journal Article
Journal of Mental Health 26 (6): 516–522
Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent, Carolyn Finck, Monica Perez Trujillo, Leon Sautier, Jördis Zill, Andreas Hinz (2017)
Keyword(s)
Hopelessness, standardized data, BHS, general population
Volume
26
Journal Pages
516–522
ISSN (Online)
1360-0567
ISSN (Print)
0963-8237
Keyword(s)
Intimate partner violence (IPV), shelters, length of stay
Volume
32
Journal Pages
89–100
ISSN (Online)
1573-2851
ISSN (Print)
0885-7482
Journal Article
International Criminal Justice Review 26 (2): 169–186
Monica Perez Trujillo, Maria-Fernanda Reyes, Lady Cabrera, Augusto Perez Gomez (2016)
Keyword(s)
Alcohol-related violence, public places, opportunity theory, prevention
Opportunities for crime are related to specific times and places. However, studies on alcohol-related violence have mostly focused on the role of neighborhood-level factors over large areas and long periods of time, meaning that we know surprisingly little about how people’s interactions with the environment at specific times and places affect alcohol-related violence. In order to explore opportunities for violence in public places with high alcohol outlet densities, we conducted a multiple case study of two nighttime leisure microenvironments in Bogota, Colombia. Based on more than 150 hrs of participant observation in each site during nighttime activity over 4 months, we characterized each setting in terms of physical risk factors, actor heterogeneity, incidents of aggression, alcohol use dynamics and routines, and the intervention of different types of guardianship in these contexts. Results show that, despite similarities in the physical characteristics of the environment and alcohol availability, there are important differences in place-based dynamics that increase or decrease opportunities for violence and crime. We discuss how our results contribute to the development of opportunity theories and conclude with policy implications and opportunities for intervention.
With permission of SAGE Publishing
Volume
26
Journal Pages
169–186
ISSN (Online)
1556-3855
ISSN (Print)
1057-5677
Journal Article
Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science 49 (2): 253–274
Johannes Rieken, Efraín Garcia-Sanchez, Monica Perez Trujillo, Daniel Bear (2015)
Keyword(s)
Introspection, self-confrontation, digital ethnography, SenseCam, professionalisation
Volume
49
Journal Pages
253–274
ISSN (Online)
1936-3567
ISSN (Print)
1932-4502
Journal Article
Journal of Interpersonal Violence 23 (4): 454–473
Monica Perez Trujillo, Stuart Ross (2008)
Keyword(s)
domestic violence, intimate partner violence, risk assessment, policing
Assessing and responding to risk are key elements in how police respond to domestic violence. However, relatively little is known about the way police make judgments about the risks associated with domestic violence and how these judgments influence their actions. This study examines police decisions about risk in domestic violence incidents when using a risk assessment instrument. Based on a sample of 501 risk assessments completed by police in Australia, this study shows that a limited number of items on the risk assessment instrument are important in police officers' decisions about risk. Statistical analyses show that the victim's level of fear contributes to police officers' judgment on the level of risk and their decisions on which risk management strategy should be used. These findings suggest that research on police responses to domestic violence needs to pay greater attention to situational dynamics and the task requirements of risk-based decision making.
With permission of SAGE Publishing
Volume
23
Journal Pages
454–473
ISSN (Online)
1552-6518
ISSN (Print)
0886-2605
Keyword(s)
Adolescentes, representaciones sociales, drogas, percepción de riesgo, prevención
Volume
17
Journal Pages
349–360
ISSN (Online)
2604-6334
ISSN (Print)
0214-4840