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Other Funding Organizations

 

This page provides an overview of other ESMT projects funded by different institutions e.g. Leibniz Association, Innovation Growth Lab (IGL) and Le Fonds National de la Recherche (FNR)

Projects with other funding institutions at ESMT Berlin

  • Leibniz Association Leibniz ScienceCampus - Berlin Centre for Consumer Policies (BCCP)

    Berlin Centre for Consumer Policies (BCCP)

    Funding type:  Leibniz Association Leibniz  ScienceCampus
    Funding period: 2019-2023
    Research team at ESMT: Özlem Bedre-Defolie (ESMT)
    Cooperating institutions: DIW Berlin (Project Lead), HU Berlin, TU Berlin, Alexander von Humboldt Institut für Internet und Gesellschaft gemeinnützige GmbH, WZB, Hertie School of Governance

    Promoting consumers’ rights, prosperity, and wellbeing are core values of the European Union. A wide array of laws, institutions, and regulations – which can be generally termed as consumer policies – aim at protecting consumers by ensuring adequate and truthful information in the marketplace as well as preventing firms from engaging in unfair and competition-impairing practices.

    Founded in 2015, the Leibniz Science Campus "Berlin Centre for Consumer Policies" (BCCP) considers itself to be an international platform for consumer policy and, in addition to establishing interdisciplinary scientific cooperation, also aims at advising political decision-makers. The second funding phase is now aimed at deepening and expanding the cooperation between DIW Berlin - Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB) , Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Technische Universität Berlin, Hertie School of Governance and other partners, with a focus on the "digital economy" and its impact on consumer markets. This focus is to be further strengthened by information and computer sciences.  In the first funding phase, the Leibniz Science Campus has grown into a role model in the field of consumer research. The participating institutions are highly qualified and effectively linked. The existing expertise in Berlin as a scientific center will be strategically combined and further expanded. The achievements in and strong emphasis on the promotion of young researchers, which is to be continued in the second funding phase.

    More information is available on the official BCCP website.

  • Army Research Institute for Behavioural and Social Sciences

    Once a Leader, Always a Leader? Leader identity work before and after retirement

    Funding type:  Research Grant
    Funding period: 2019 - 2021
    Team at ESMT:     Laura Guillén
    Cooperating institutions:

    University of Durham  (coordinator), George Mason University, ESADE 

    “When one takes a position of leadership, there is a very real danger of getting caught up in the hype surrounding that status…”.  John Ensign.                                                                                                      

    Examples of leaders that seem reluctant to give up their leadership roles are plentiful. In politics, Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe, Equatorial Guinea’s Teodoro Obiang Nguema and Venezuela’s Hugo Chavez seemed willing to rule forever. In corporate life, examples of chairmen and chief executives working past the age of 65 abound: Maurice R. Greenberg, former CEO of the American International Group and currently chairman of C. V. Starr & Co., is 93; Sumner M. Redstone, former CEO of CBS and Viacom and currently chairman of the board of the National Amusements Theatre Chain, is 95, and Warren E. Buffett, chairman of Berkshire Hathaway, is 88. Being in leadership roles triggers a subjective sense of power that feels good, so much so that leadership has been claimed to be addictive (e.g., Kets de Vries, 1991). Thus, perhaps not surprisingly, it seems hard to convince leaders that their time is up (Bennis, 2002) because highly successful and highly paid leaders often measure their self-worth by where they work: Their identity is tightly linked to their leadership positions.

    The concept of a leader identity—i.e., seeing oneself as a leader rather than a follower and being attracted to leading—has attracted considerable research attention (DeRue & Ashford, 2010; Lord & Hall, 2005). The notion that a leader identity develops and grows with time, as one’s career progresses, is a common assumption in the leader identity literature (Day & Harrison, 2007; Ibarra, 2004; Lord & Hall, 2005). People broaden their repertoire of leadership skills and develop their leader identities because of increased responsibilities as they progress from novice to intermediate to senior management roles. What happens to people’s leader identity after that point, when leaders are forced to retire from professional life? This question remains unanswered.

    Drawing from emotions literature (Lazarus, 1991), our core assumption is that the notion that losing a leadership position after retirement is fraught with fear and anxiety. Even if today individuals tend to “reinvent themselves” many times during their careers, moving in and out of many roles in the course of a career-time (Ibarra, 2004); the thought of professional career ending appears threatening. Although there has been growing interest in topic of identity development (Ibarra, 1999) and identity change (Burke, 2006), how successful top-executives cope with losing their leader identity before and after retirement requires further research attention. Do former formal leaders fight tooth and nail to preserve their leader identity? Do they eventually forget their leader identity and replace it with another personal or professional identity better suited to their new reality?

    The project will explore the key issues to successfully cope with the loss of power and authority when individuals’ careers come to an end. Further, it will investigate the various ways individuals respond to leadership loss, along with the consequences of their responses.

  • Le Fonds National de la Recherche / National Research Fund (FNR) Outreach and the Financing of Microfinance Institutions - MICFI

    Outreach and the Financing of Microfinance Institutions - MICFI

    Funding type: CORE:  Innovation in Services (IS)
    Funding period: 2009-2011
    Research team:  Guillermo Baquero (ESMT Berlin), Hamedi Malika
    Cooperating institutions: Université du Luxembourg, Appui au Développement Autonome

    Microfinance institutions (MFIs) provide very small loans and deposit services to clients that are predominantly poor and excluded from the formal banking sector. The Microfinance sector has grown dramatically over the last ten years, currently serving over 100 million households globally, compared to 10 million households in 1997. This level of outreach has been possible thanks to a remarkable mobilization of funds – nearly $20 billion dollars- towards microfinance start-ups, by governments, development agencies, non governmental organizations and charitable foundations. In the long run, however, donors and governments are likely to reduce funding, which raises the question of whether or not subsidy-free programs and financial sustainability would be desirable. In fact, in recent years, microfinance institutions have experienced easier access to capital markets thanks to an increasing institutionalization of the sector, with a tendency towards more transparency, availability of quality data, public reporting, standardization of financial ratios, ratings, and meeting of regulatory requirements. As a result, a major development has been the rise of microfinance investment funds (MFIFs), which are pools of suppliers of funds who collectively invest in a diversified range of MFIs. These new financial intermediaries have been instrumental in attracting a wider scope of providers of financial resources for MFIs, including private and institutional investors. However, the requirements of these new providers of funds are likely to encourage MFIs to evolve into true commercial entities. Therefore, a main concern is whether or not financial sustainability and the recent changes in the financing structure of microfinance institutions come at the expense of undermining their social objectives. The present research project speaks to this question. We propose an empirical investigation of the causal impact that a broader access of microfinance institutions to different sources of capital has on the lending properties of these institutions. Currently we are working on data collection and analysis to address the questions we raise in this project.

    Publication:
    Baquero, G., G. Aquero, M. Hamadi, and A. Heinen (2011), LSF Research Working Paper Series, No. 11-17
    Competition, Loan Rates and Information Dispersion in Microcredit Markets

  • International Growth Centre Gender differences in health investment: Evidence from health care providers in India

    Gender differences in health investment: Evidence from health care providers in India

    Funding type: IGC India Central Country Programme
    Funding period: 2012-2013
    Research team: Rajshri Jayaraman (ESMT Berlin)
    Cooperating institutions: New York University; Wharton School

    In many parts of the developing world, notably in India and China, the ratio of women to men is suspiciously low. In developed countries, males outnumber females at birth, but that imbalance begins to redress itself soon after (Coale 1991; Coale, Demeny and Vaughan 1983). The combined effect is (or should be) a roughly equal proportion of men and women in the population as a whole. That is not the case in large parts of Asia: in India and China, the overall ratio of males to females is around 1.06. Much attention has been placed on a skewed sex ratio at birth, which could indicate sex‐selective abortion (Junhong 1991; Sudha and Rajan, 1999; Jha et al 2006; 2007 and Lin 2007). For instance, Zeng et al. (1993) and Das Gupta (2005) observe that sex ratios for higher‐order births in China (conditioning on earlier births being female) are significantly skewed towards males, a clear warning sign of sexselection through abortion or infanticide. A second area of focus is early childhood and the possibility that young girls are systematically less cared for (Deaton 1989; Subramanian and Deaton 1991; Garg and Morduch 1998; Jensen 2003; Oster 2008; Pande 2003 and Rosenblum 2008). It is fair to say that the literature on missing females has emphasized these pre‐natal and infant/early childhood stages. For instance, Das Gupta (2005) summarizes the literature by stating that "the evidence indicates that parental preferences overwhelmingly shape the female deficit in South and East Asia".

    In contrast, recent research by Anderson and Ray (2010) implies that missing women are spread far more widely over age and disease. While the authors do not dispute the existence of severe gender bias at young ages, they introduce a methodological procedure to "decompose" the overall number of missing women into various age‐disease categories. They come to several striking conclusions, among which two are of interest for the present proposal: (1) The majority of missing women in India and sub‐ Saharan Africa and a significant proportion of those in China are of adult age; and (2) Almost all the missing women stem from disease‐by‐disease comparisons and not from the changing composition of disease, as described by the epidemiological transition. Yet Anderson and Ray stress that their approach is only suggestive of different pathways of gender bias: "Much more work is needed to identify the underlying mechanisms." For instance, there are large numbers of missing women in India under the category of cardiovascular disease, but the Anderson‐Ray methodology is silent on why this is the case. Perhaps women are relatively prone to illness: poor diet, inattention to personal health, or stress. Or perhaps women seek medical care less often, conditional on being ill. Or perhaps they receive poorer care, conditional on seeking care. There is a literature that measures differences in household investments in the health and nutrition of boys and girls (Pande 2003), which may be interpreted as an examination of the proneness pathway. This literature argues that households may be systematically responding to gender differences in the returns to investments (Garg and Morduch 1998; Oster 2008). A complementary thread argues that differences in outcomes may result from gender‐based rules for fertility that lead to girls residing in larger families than boys on average. In this case, even in the absence of differential treatment within households, there will be gender differences in outcomes because girls will have more siblings with which they compete for resources (Jensen 2003, Rosenblum 2008). In contrast, our proposed research emphasizes the seeking of care. We will document gender differences in health care. Because different aspects of eye disease, such as myopia, cataract or glaucoma, are measurable, we’ve chosen to work with data from eye care. Using various measures of disease intensity, we will evaluate the extent to which eye health deteriorates before men and women seek care. That is, we begin by studying waiting times to first treatment. Second, we propose to document gender differences in the probability of follow‐up visits conditional on similar levels of health at the first stage of evaluation. Third, we seek to understand the underlying reasons for the observed health differences across gender. It is obvious that a plethora of factors must come into play. Without underestimating the importance of any of these, we emphasize the economics of gender differentials in care. Specifically, we propose a careful economic analysis of how the costs faced by households affect the decisions of men and women to seek care. Our current proposal analyzes these issues at the level of a health care provider rather than through a general household survey. If the results appear promising, we will plan to augment and enrich these results with a household survey, hopefully with the support of the IGC.

  • Innovation Growth Lab (IGL) / Nesta A randomized control trial of endogenous team formation and topic choice among potential entrepreneurs

    A randomized control trial of endogenous team formation and topic choice among potential entrepreneurs

    Funding type: IGL Grant Program
    Funding period: 2016-2018
    Research team: Linus Dahlander (ESMT Berlin), Rajshri Jayaraman (ESMT Berlin)
    Cooperating institutions:  Technische Universität Hamburg

    We investigate what makes teams effective in early-stage entrepreneurship—their composition, or the topics they explore. We implement a large-scale field experiment in a German university, whose students are required to take an introductory entrepreneurship class. At the end of this class, equal- sized teams of students must submit a business plan. The first treatment dimension in our two-by- two experimental design pertains to team composition: students are randomly assigned to either endogenous choice of or exogenous assignment to team members. The second treatment dimension applies to topic selection: students will either be allowed to select a topic of their choice or be pre- assigned to a topic. The outcome of interest will be performance on this business plan exercise and changes in entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Randomization will permit us to causally identify if successful team performance rests on choosing ideas versus team members.

    Blog entry:

    Linus Dahlander, Christoph Ihl, Rajshri Jayaraman & Viktoria Boss, Thursday, 2 March 2017
    Good People or Good Ideas? Which makes for a Good Startup?

  • Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) A network-based approach to the analysis of the structure of technological innovations

     
    A network-based approach to the analysis of the structure of technological innovations

    Funding type: Invitation Programme – Research stays of German researchers in Japan
    Funding period: 2014
    Researcher:  Stefan Wagner (ESMT Berlin)
    Cooperating institution: Hitotsubashi University
  • Leibniz Association Leibniz ScienceCampus – Berlin Centre for Consumer Policies (BCCP)

     

    Berlin Centre for Consumer Policies (BCCP)

    Funding type:  Leibniz Competition 2014: ScienceCampus
    Funding period:
    2015-2019
    Research team at ESMT: Paul Heidhues, Michał Grajek, Özlem Bedre-Defolie, Sascha Steffen
    Cooperating institutions: DIW (Project Lead), WZB, HU Berlin, TU Berlin, FU Berlin, ESMT Berlin, Hertie School of Governance

    Promoting consumers’ rights, prosperity, and wellbeing are core values of the European Union. A wide array of laws, institutions, and regulations – which can be generally termed as consumer policies – aim at protecting consumers by ensuring adequate and truthful information in the marketplace as well as preventing firms from engaging in unfair and competition-impairing practices.

    While some of these policies directly affect consumers, for instance consumer protection and dissuasive taxation, others only indirectly benefit consumers by governing market functions through regulation and competition policies. The interactions between these different policies are not yet fully understood.

    The aim of the Berlin Centre for Consumer Policies (BCCP) is to create an enduring international platform in the broad area of competition and consumer policies, where excellent interdisciplinary research can actively and effectively inform policy makers on issues that are highly relevant to
    the current policy debate.

    The Centre can build on the existing, strong, visible, and interdisciplinary cooperation among the two Leibniz institutes DIW Berlin and WZB, several faculties of the three universities Humboldt University Berlin, Free University Berlin, and Technical University Berlin, ESMT Berlin, and the Hertie School of Governance.

    The strong focus of the partner institutions in industrial organization, behavioral economics and competition law, as well as a strong policy focus makes Berlin the perfect location for a ScienceCampus focused on consumer policies. The main goal of BCCP is to fully exploit, reinforce, and institutionalize this exceptional environment to answer specific questions on the optimal design of consumer policies.

    More information is available on the official BCCP website.

  • Leibniz Network: Berlin Economics Research Associates (BERA)

     

    Berlin Economics Research Associates

    Funding type: Leibniz Competition 2015: National and International Networking
    Funding period:  2016-2018
    Researchers at ESMT: Rajshri Jayaraman, Özlem Bedre-Defolie
    Cooperating institutions: DIW (Project Lead), WZB, HU Berlin, TU Berlin, FU Berlin, ESMT Berlin, Hertie School of Governance

    The BERA program supports postdoctoral researchers by providing a structured career development plan. The Berlin-wide network takes responsibility for about 60-80 researchers who are based at seven institutions. The institutions will coordinate their recruiting activities and offer guidance and career support in a multitude of ways. The program (i) improves the quality of research and evidence-based policy advice, (ii) increases the proportion of female researchers in economics, and (iii) offers a strong network of local, national and international colleagues as support for the researchers’ career paths.

    ESMT is an active member of the Berlin Economics Research Associates. Rajshri Jayaraman represents ESMT on the BERA committee which meets on a regular basis to discuss recruiting, research, networks, guidance and skills. She acts as a formal mentor to several BERA associates, as part of BERA’s formal mentorship program. In 2017, she is organizing a workshop in Applied Microeconomics for BERA associates.

    More information is available on the official BERA website.