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Publications
Journal Article
Review of Economics and Statistics
Steffen Altmann, Armin Falk, Paul Heidhues, Rajshri Jayaraman, Marrit Teirlinck
Subject(s)
Economics, politics and business environment
Keyword(s)
Default options, online platforms, charitable giving, field experiment
JEL Code(s)
D03, D01, D64, C93
Accepted at Review of Economics and Statistics
Journal Article
Journal of Development Economics 139: 249–265
Rajshri Jayaraman, Tanika Chakraborty (2019)
Subject(s)
Economics, politics and business environment
Keyword(s)
School feeding, learning, midday meal, primary school education
JEL Code(s)
I21, I25, O12
Volume
139
Journal Pages
249–265
ISSN (Print)
0304-3878
Journal Article
American Economic Review 106 (2): 316–358
Published as NBER Working Paper No. 19849 under the title Productivity response to a contract change
2016 KfW Research Prize for Excellence
Subject(s)
Economics, politics and business environment
Keyword(s)
Labor contracts, incentives, behavioral economics, plantations
JEL Code(s)
D82, D86, J33, J41, J43, O13, Q12
We study a contract change for tea pluckers on an Indian plantation, with a higher government-stipulated baseline wage. Incentive piece rates were lowered or kept unchanged. Yet, in the following month, output increased by 20 to 80 percent. This response contradicts the standard model and several variants, is only partly explicable by greater supervision, and appears to be "behavioral." But in subsequent months, the increase is comprehensively reversed. Though not an unequivocal indictment of "behavioral" models, these findings suggest that nonstandard responses may be ephemeral, and should ideally be tracked over an extended period of time.
Copyright © 2016 by the American Economic Association.
Volume
106
Journal Pages
316–358
Journal Article
The Scandinavian Journal of Economics 117 (4): 1176–1203
Rajshri Jayaraman, Dora Simroth (2015)
Subject(s)
Economics, politics and business environment
Keyword(s)
Primary school enrollment, school lunches, natural experiment, ITT
At the end of 2001, the Indian Supreme Court issued a directive ordering states to institute school lunches – known locally as "midday meals" – in government primary schools. This paper provides a large-scale assessment of the enrollment effects of India's midday meal scheme, which offers warm lunches, free of cost, to 120 million primary school children across India and is the largest school feeding program in the world. To isolate the causal effect of the policy, we make use of staggered implementation across Indian states in government but not private schools. Using a panel data set of almost 500,000 schools observed annually from 2002 to 2004, we find that midday meals result in substantial increases in primary school enrollment, driven by early primary school responses to the program. Our results are robust to a wide range of specification tests.
© The editors of The Scandinavian Journal of Economics 2015
Volume
117
Journal Pages
1176–1203
ISSN (Online)
1467-9442
Journal Article
Journal of Political Economy 123 (2): 444–496
Lawrence E. Blume, William A. Brock, Steven N. Durlauf, Rajshri Jayaraman (2015)
Subject(s)
Economics, politics and business environment
Keyword(s)
Social interactions, identification, incomplete information games
JEL Code(s)
C21, C23, C31, C35, C72, Z13
This paper provides a systematic analysis of identification in linear social interactions models. This is both a theoretical and an econometric exercise as the analysis is linked to a rigorously delineated model of interdependent decisions. We develop an incomplete information game that describes individual choices in the presence of social interactions. The equilibrium strategy profiles are linear. Standard models in the empirical social interactions literature are shown to be exact or approximate special cases of our general framework, which in turn provides a basis for understanding the microeconomic foundations of those models. We consider identification of both endogenous (peer) and contextual social effects under alternative assumptions on a priori information about network structure available to an analyst, and contrast the informational content of individual-level and aggregated data. Finally, we discuss potential ramifications for identification of endogenous group selection and differences between the information sets of analysts and agents.
With permission of the University of Chicago Press
Volume
123
Journal Pages
444–496
Journal Article
Economic and Political Weekly 49 (25): 47–53
Rajshri Jayaraman, Debraj Ray, Shing-Yi Wang (2014)
Subject(s)
Economics, politics and business environment; Health and environment
Volume
49
Journal Pages
47–53
Journal Article
Journal of Economics and Management Strategy 22 (3): 529–550
Benoit Dostie, Rajshri Jayaraman (2013)
Subject(s)
Economics, politics and business environment
Keyword(s)
Process innovation, managerial incentives, x-efficiency
JEL Code(s)
D22, O31, J33
This paper asks whether firms respond to cost shocks by introducing process innovations and increasing the use of managerial incentives. Using a large panel data set of workplaces in Canada, our identification strategy relies on exogenous variation in costs arising from increased border security along the 49th parallel fol- lowing 9/11. Our longitudinal difference-in-differences estimates indicate that firms responded to the cost shock by introducing new or improved processes, but did not change their use of managerial incentives. These results suggest that the threat of bankruptcy may provide impetus for improving efficiency.
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume
22
Journal Pages
529–550
Journal Article
The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 12 (1): 1–39
Benoit Dostie, Rajshri Jayaraman (2012)
Subject(s)
Economics, politics and business environment
Keyword(s)
productivity, information technologies, organizational practices, panel data
JEL Code(s)
O33, D22, D24
Volume
12
Journal Pages
1–39
Journal Article
Applied Economics 41 (27): 1–10
Benoit Dostie, Rajshri Jayaraman, Mathieu Trépanier (2009)
Subject(s)
Economics, politics and business environment
Keyword(s)
computers, productivity
Volume
41
Journal Pages
1–10
Journal Article
Economic Development and Cultural Change 54 (2): 405–421
Benoit Dostie, Rajshri Jayaraman (2006)
Subject(s)
Economics, politics and business environment
Keyword(s)
primary school enrollment, india, education
Attaining universal basic education remains an elusive goal in many developing countries. This article examines the determinants of school enrollment among children in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, two large north Indian states. In addition to individual‐ and household‐level influences, we consider the role of village‐level contextual effects on the school enrollment decision. Our results suggest that enrollment is increasing in parental education as well as wealth and that village caste composition and aggregate deprivation also influence individual enrollment decisions.
With permission of the University of Chicago Press
Volume
54
Journal Pages
405–421
Journal Article
Economica 72 (288): 597–613
Rajshri Jayaraman, Mandar Oak (2005)
Subject(s)
Economics, politics and business environment
Keyword(s)
signalling, local currency, information asymmetry
JEL Code(s)
D8, O12, E4
The last decade has seen the burgeoning of several hundred local community currency institutions in cities across the world. Although residents of these communities claim that local currency promotes local development, how it does so has hitherto been unexplored. We argue that the introduction of a municipal currency may serve as a signal of demand for local goods. Where demand uncertainty deters firms from investing in more productive technologies, such a signal improves the chances that technology choice will be optimal. The introduction of a local currency therefore always improves ex ante efficiency and may lead to ex post efficiency, with strictly higher levels of productivity and welfare.
© The London School of Economics and Political Science 2005
Volume
72
Journal Pages
597–613
Journal Article
World Bank Economic Review 18 (3): 443–464
Rajshri Jayaraman, Peter F. Lanjouw (2004)
Subject(s)
Economics, politics and business environment
Keyword(s)
SMEs, enviroment, poverty
Volume
18
Journal Pages
443–464
Journal Article
World Bank Research Observer 14 (1): 1–30
Rajshri Jayaraman, Peter F. Lanjouw (1999)
Subject(s)
Economics, politics and business environment
Keyword(s)
village studies, India
Volume
14
Journal Pages
1–30